Eighteenth Century

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SR Set: St.Petersburg and Moscow: then and now
Title: SR Set: St.Petersburg and Moscow: then and now
Description: In an effort to build up strategic access to the Baltic Sea, Czar Peter the Great began to develop St. Petersburg in 1703. Architects from all across Europe began to design, build and record the cultural center of Russia. With brief interruptions, when Moscow became the capital, St. Petersburg and Catherine the Great's influence on the city is still reflected strongly in its architecture, literature and history.
Views: 97
SR Set: Founding Fathers of the United States
Title: SR Set: Founding Fathers of the United States
Description: Scholars Resource delves into the history of these United States: historical figures and their accomplishments in pursuit of winning American independence and establishing the United States of America in 1776.
Views: 130
SR Set: The Late Eighteenth Century: from Marie Antoinette to Napeoleon
Title: SR Set: The Late Eighteenth Century: from Marie Antoinette to Napeoleon
Description: In the late Eighteenth century, the Hapsburg influence across Europe was magnified by the marriage of Maria Antonia (sixteenth child of Maria Theresia) to Louis-Auguste, the Dauphin, in 1770. The reign of Marie-Antoinette and Louis XVI came to represent a time of great change, not only all across Europe but also in England and the just-born United States. This Image Set captures some of the cultural and historic changes taking place, when opulence gave way to the rights of man and to a simpler, more classical style.
Views: 91
SR Set: Enlightenment of the Humanities
Title: SR Set: Enlightenment of the Humanities
Description: The current discourse on the importance of the Humanities suggests that we revisit the Enlightenment to broaden our thinking about what constitutes a 'good education'. According to David Brooks: "The job of the humanities was to cultivate the human core, the part of a person we might call the spirit, the soul, or, in D.H. Lawrence’s phrase, 'the dark vast forest'.” Our set of images looks at the figures of the Enlightenment and at some of their work, to encourage us all to examine how the Humanities expand our human core with ideas on creative thinking and personal integrity. Brooks avers that "Teachers who are zealous for the humanities leave a lifelong mark."
Views: 59
SR Set: Dresden and its Treasures
Title: SR Set: Dresden and its Treasures
Description: Dresden and Saxony--in the heart of Europe--has a long and important history as royal residence for the Electors and Kings of Saxony. Our set illustrates some of the cultural and architectural treasures of this "jewel on the Elbe," beginning with the "Fuerstenzug" (Procession of the Princes), notable Saxon portraits, views of Dresden on the Elbe by Bellotto and other artists, works of art in the Galerie der Alten Meister and sculptures in the palace collection, examples from the Meissen Porzellan Manufaktur nearby and views of the Baroque and Rococo architecture that has been so beautifully restored after the war.
Views: 294
SR-Set: Eighteenth Century Art
Title: SR-Set: Eighteenth Century Art
Description: Styles in art ranged widely in the eighteenth century from the late Baroque in Germany with Neumann's glorious Vierzehnheiligen Church, through the French Rococo with the elegant figures in Watteau's Pilgrimage to Cythera and The Store Sign of the Art Dealer Gersaint; or the luscious figures of Diana at her Bath and the Triumph of Venus by Boucher. Reaction against Rococo sparked a return to naturalism, to a rural sentimentality in Greuze's Marriage Contract; to the subdued charm of Chardin's genre scenes of the Benediction or the Kitchen Maid, and to the expansive landscapes of Canaletto and Bellotto. The end of the century brought a renewed interest in Neoclassicism with David's Oath of Horatii and Death of Marat and the sculpture of Canova. Architectural examples range from Chiswick House to Monticello.
Views: 833
SR Set: The French Revolution
Title: SR Set: The French Revolution
Description: History tends to repeat itself. Or as George Santayana said, "Those who cannot remember the past, are condemned to repeat it." In light of today's world events we find Mr. Santayana's warning especially relevant and have chosen the French Revolution as a pertinent example to joggle our minds. We include personalities of the time: Louis XVI and his Queen Marie Antoinette; revolutionary figures of Lafayette, Robespierre, and the murdered Marat. Images of events include the Oath of the Tennis Court, the taking of the Bastille, the execution of Louis XVI, and the Coup d'État of 18 Brumaire, which essentially ended the revolution and established Napoleon as the first Consul of France in November 1799.
Views: 18
SR Set: Important Trends in Eighteenth Century Painting
Title: SR Set: Important Trends in Eighteenth Century Painting
Description: The trajectory of 18th century painting ran a remarkable gamut: from frothy decorative Rococo, through the fusion of nature and antiquity which produced a moral force seen in the Neo-Classicism of David and the outrage of Goya. The images presented here illustrate and reflect the points made by Michael Levey in his book "Rococo to Revolution: Major Trends in Eighteenth Century Painting."
Views: 206
SR Set: Maria Theresa-born 300 years ago
Title: SR Set: Maria Theresa-born 300 years ago
Description: Maria Theresa (13 May 1717-29 November 1780), the last Habsburg ruler over much of Europe led a truly remarkable life. Discriminated against for her gender, Charles VI worked all his life and tried to secure his daughter's succession in the "Pragmatic Sanction." Promised in marriage to Franz of Lorraine at age 4 (the marriage took place 15 years later), she bore 16 children during her 40-year reign, while defending her territories and reign during a number of "succession wars" and the Seven Years' war. Frederick II of Prussia--staunch enemy for most of her life-succeeded in occupying Silesia, but for the most part her diplomatic skills resulted in keeping the Habsburg kingdom together and was further extended by marrying off her daughters to the leading houses in Europe, with Marie-Antoinette caught up in the beginnings of the French Revolution. Marie Theresa introduced compulsory education for all children aged 6 to 14. She improved infrastructure, including the canals in Ghent; she was instrumental in the foundation of La Scala in Milan; she was open to medical practices introduced by Dutch physician Gerard van Swieten, the Habsbourg family doctor and many others.
Views: 47