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SR Set: Alexander the Great
Title: SR Set: Alexander the Great
Description: In these times of unsettling situations in the Middle East, be it Syria, Iran, Israel, etc., we pause to look at a period of ancient history of the area, in particular that of Alexander the Great, 356-323 BCE. During his relatively short lifetime Alexander made a profound mark on the world, conquering the Persian Empire and pushing his Greek and Macedonian warriors as far as the Indian Sub-Continent. The tools he used were strength and guile, sabre-rattling and diplomacy, tools still being used today.
Views: 60
SR Set: Trabeation and Arcuation - part 1
Title: SR Set: Trabeation and Arcuation - part 1
Description: Dolmen and henge monuments are some of the earliest uses of trabeated construction, dating back to the Neolithic period. Simultaneously, in Egypt, the step pyramid at Saqqara, the Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut and the Temple of Khons at Karnak, depict the remarkable development of trabeated construction. Like the Egyptians, the Mycenaeans made major contributions in their use of trabeation and arcuation. For the Greeks, the most important architectural form was the temple. By comparing examples like the Temple of Poseidon at Paestum, the temples on the Athenian Acropolis and the Temple of Zeus Olympius, we trace the development of the Greek orders and their accompanying refinements. Later, in Imperial Roman architecture, these Greek forms were adapted for new uses. They gained greater flexibility by the use of concrete to shape arched- and vaulted structures that used forms of the Greek system of orders to express state power and majesty.
Views: 143
SR Set: Early Greek Art
Title: SR Set: Early Greek Art
Description: The Aegean area was rich in its cultural heritage; Cycladic, Minoan, Mycenean, Geometric and Archaic styles are represented in this diverse group and demonstrate the progression of early, already expressive exploration in simple, organic form of the human body. Intricate gold pieces, playful frescoes, bronze tools and figurines, descriptive vase painting and finally full-size marble figures lead us to the Classical Period.
Views: 214
SR Set: Influential Ancient Greeks
Title: SR Set: Influential Ancient Greeks
Description: The basic principles of the arts, sciences, philosophy and politics had their origin in ancient Greece. It was an age when man first became fully conscious of his powers and fully used them to move away from superstition. This set brings together many of the founders from these disciplines, organized chronologically. 1. Homer (ca. 750 BC) considered the greatest epic poet. 2. Solon (ca. 630-558 BC), statesman, lawmaker and poet. He laid the foundations of Athenian democracy and is considered one of the seven sages of ancient Greece. 3. Sappho (625-571 BC), she was a lyric poet from the island of Lesbos.4. Thales of Miletus (ca. 625- ca. 547 BC), considered the first philosopher of the Greek tradition and one of the seven sages of ancient Greece. 5. Pythagoras (570-495 BC), a great mathematician, philosopher and religious teacher. 6. Leonidas I (540-480 BC), a military leader and Hero-king of Sparta. He became the symbol for courage against overwhelming odds. 7. Aeschylus (ca. 525-456 BC) one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens. 8. Corinna (6th/5th c. BC) she wrote lyric poetry in the Boeotian dialect. 9. Sophocles (ca. 496-406 BC) one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens. 10. Pericles (495-429 BC), an influential statesman, orator and general in Athens, who promoted the arts and literature and started the Acropolis project. 11. Aspasia (5th c. BC), an immigrant who became Pericles' companion. Her house was an intellectual center, attracting Socrates. 12. Anaxagorus (500-428 BC) credited with bringing philosophy to Athens and conducting astronomical studies. 13. Phidias (ca. 490-430 BC) one of the greatest sculptors of classical Greece. 14. Herodotus (ca. 484-425 BC) is known as the father of history. 15. Euripides (ca. 480-406 BC), one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens. 16. Socrates (ca. 470-399 BC) an Athenian philosopher credited with founding Western philosophy. 17. Thucydides (460-395 BC) an Athenian historian, often referred to as the father of scientific history and political realism. 18. Hippocrates (460-371 BC) outstanding figure in the history of medicine. 19. Democritus (460-370 BC) influential philosopher remembered for his formulation of the atomic theory of the universe. 20. Aristophanes (450-385 BC), an Athenian comic playwright, known as the father of comedy. 21. Xenophon (430-354 BC), a student of Socrates, he became a historian, especially of the Peloponnesian War. 22. Plato (ca. 428-347 BC), philosopher and mathematician. Together with his teacher Socrates, and his student Aristotle, is remembered for founding the field of Western philosophy and science. 23. Aristotle (384-322 BC) a philosopher, scientist, and founder of Western philosophy. 24. Praxiteles (active 375-340 BC) a renowned sculptor, credited with sculpting the first nude female. 25. Lysippos (active ca. 370-300 BC) renowned sculptor who often worked in bronze and served as personal sculptor to Alexander the Great. 26. Alexander the Great (356-323 BC), King of Macedonia. 27. Archimedes (ca.287-212 BC), physicist, engineer, astronomer, inventor and considered the greatest mathemetician of antiquity.
Views: 167
SR Set: Ancient Art: Greek Architecture
Title: SR Set: Ancient Art: Greek Architecture
Description: The images in this set cover the wide spectrum of Greek architecture with examples ranging from the late Bronze Age Palace of Minos at Knossos, through the Mycenaean period citadel and related tholoi such as the so-called Treasury of Atreus; and to the early Doric or Archaic temples at Paestum and Corinth and the transitional fifth century temple of Aphaia at Aegina. The Early Classical temple of Poseidon (temple of Hera II) at Paestum predates the Classical ideal, the Parthenon on the Acropolis at Athens. Other Classical structures on the Acropolis include the Propylaea, the tiny Ionic temple of Athena Nike, and the multi-purpose Erechtheion. Also included in the set is the Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi with its variety of structures, the theatre at Epidauros, the ruins of the temple of Zeus at Nemea. Monuments from further afield include examples from Greek settlements in Ephesus, Pergamum and Priene in Turkey, and Agrigento in Sicily.
Views: 669
SR Set: Ancient Art: Greek Art
Title: SR Set: Ancient Art: Greek Art
Description: From the Bronze Age Cycladic figurine to the elegant Nike of Samothrace, this group of images offers examples spanning the breadth and depth of Greek Art. The Bull-leaping fresco from the Palace of Minos at Knossos, the golden Funerary Mask of Agamemnon from Mycenae, Geometric vases, Red and Black-figured pottery, the Archaic pedimental sculpture of the temple of Aphaia at Aegina, Archaic Kouroi and Korai, the transitional Kritios Boy, bronze Charioteer of Delphi, the canonic Doryphoros, and the Hellenistic Dying Gaul, all illustrate the wealth of art that has influenced all aspects of our civilization down to the present.
Views: 864
SR Set: Greek Vase Painting
Title: SR Set: Greek Vase Painting
Description: Although the art of Greek wall painting has few surviving works, the development of painting styles live on in the wealth of decorated vases of great beauty that survive to this day. Our set offers examples ranging from ancient Aegean works from Crete ca. 2000 BCE to the late Hellenistic period in the 4th century BCE. Design styles and techniques include Geometric, Orientalizing, black-figure, red-figure, and white ground painting. Over half of these examples are from the collections of our museum vendors: the Metropolitan Museum of Art; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; and the Toledo Museum of Art.
Views: 221
SR Set: Wall Painting in Antiquity
Title: SR Set: Wall Painting in Antiquity
Description: Wall painting in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome was distinctive to each culture, but moving from one culture to another through the centuries. The flow of style and design moves gracefully from the earliest Old Kingdom tomb paintings to the lush interiors at Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were frozen in time in Mount Vesuvius' 79 CE eruption. The formal Egyptian canon varied little for nearly three thousand years and was to be adapted and enriched in Minoan frescoes, the forerunners of a freer Greek style of painting. Egyptian wall painting was done directly on limestone or on a coat of dried plaster; unlike the Minoan and later Roman wall paintings which were worked in true fresco form in wet plaster. In this set Roman wall paintings are divided into the four styles described by August Mau in the 19th century; while some of our Egyptian examples are facsimiles by Egyptologists Norman and Nina Davies and Charles K. Wilkinson done in the early Twentieth century.
Views: 174